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Teaching Certification in Chinese

汉语教师资格证书 (FAQs in Chinese)

常见问题解答:

1.     什么是教师资格证书?如何成为密西根州的资格认证教师?

教师资格证书是在密西根州公立学校从事特定学科教学的合法资格认证。

*可申请基础教育资格认证,从事幼儿园至8年级 (K-8) 的教学;或申请中学教育资格认证,从事6年级至12年级的教学;也可以直接申请幼儿园至12年级的K-12资格认证。

教师资格申请者必须满足的条件:对于本科生的相关要求,或者希望攻读硕士学位申请者的相关要求。

*(大学只能为教师申请者提供所在州的资格认证项目,但州与州之间资格认证转换过程并不复杂。)

2.     密西根大学能够提供哪些语言的资格认证?

密西根大学目前可提供法语、德语、拉丁语、西班牙语和阿拉伯语的认证。在2019-2020学年,教育学院可提供汉语教学资格认证。

3.     有哪些途径可以获得汉语教学资格认证?

申请者有三种途径:

  1. 拥有学士学位以及资格证书。有关该项目的具体信息、申请条件以及如何申请,可点击此链接
  2. 三学期的资格培训课程项目。该项目非常适合已拥有学士学位(最好是在中文语言环境下习得),但不打算攻读中学教育硕士学位的申请者。该三学期项目等同于获得第二个学士学位外加汉语教学资格证书。注意:该途径与第一种途径基本类似,相关信息可从途径1的链接获得。
  3. 为期一年的资格认证硕士学位。有关该项目的具体信息、申请条件以及如何申请,可点击此链接

4.     为什么要成为一名认证的汉语教师?

汉语是美国各地学校中发展最快的一种世界语言。学校雇佣越来越多的中文教师对不同年龄层、不同汉语水平学生进行教学。许多美国人认为汉语是未来的语言,并已推动学校的中文课程。预计到2020年,K-12学习语言的人数将增加至100万。因此,拥有资格认证的汉语教师的就业机会在全美及全世界会越来越多。汉语教师将是一项有趣、有益、有利的职业。中文教学将提供分享语言及文化的机会,也能对年轻人产生积极的影响。

5.     我听说成为语言教师必须要参加OPI考试。什么是OPI考试?教师申请者该如何进行准备呢?

OPI也称口语能力面试(Oral Proficiency Interview),是一项约30分钟开放式的面谈。所有世界语言教学申请者都必须通过此测试才能获得最终认证。正如其名所指,面谈旨在衡量申请者熟练运用所教语言的口语能力。分数不能低于中高级水平才能通过考试 。

考试通常在学生学术课程结束后进行,世界语言项目主任Maria Coolican博士会协助安排。

6.     对于有兴趣提高汉语水平的同学有哪些出国交流的机会?

我们鼓励汉语为非母语、非继承语的同学出国交流,进行沉浸式学习,以提高其语言水平。有关出国交流机会以及奖学金助学金的相关信息,均可在密西根大学李侃如-罗睿弛中国研究中心获取。

7.     与汉语资格认证其他相关信息可以从哪里获取?与谁进行联系?

感兴趣的申请者可联系Maria Coolican博士:mariajc@umich.edu.

FAQs

1. What is teacher certification? How does one become a certified teacher in the State of Michigan?

Teacher certification is the process of becoming legally certified to teach certain subjects in public schools in the State of Michigan.* One can pursue elementary certification and be qualified to teach grades K-8, or secondary education, and be qualified to teach grades 6-12. It’s also possible to pursue K-12, that is, elementary and secondary certification.

The requirements that teacher candidates must fulfill can be found here (for undergraduates) or here for candidates interested in pursuing a Master’s degree.

*(Universities can only offer certifications programs for the state that they are located in, but most teachers find that transferring their certifications from state-to-state is a relatively effortless process).

2. What languages does the University of Michigan certify in?

The University of Michigan offers certification in French, German, Latin, Spanish and Arabic. The School of Education is excited to now offer certification in Mandarin Chinese as of this, the 2019-20 school year. 

3.  What pathways exist to certify teachers to teach Mandarin?

There are three pathways that interested candidates can pursue:

  1. A Bachelor’s degree with certification. Information about that program, its requirements, and how to apply can be found here
  2. A 3-semester certification program. This program is ideal for candidates who already have a Bachelor’s degree (ideally in Mandarin Chinese), would like to obtain a teaching certification, but are not interested in pursuing a Master’s degree in Secondary Education. This pathway would essentially confer a 2nd Bachelor’s degree and a certification to teach Mandarin Chinese. Note: this pathway is essentially the same as the one above, so information about the program, its requirements and how to apply can be found at the same link as above. 
  3. A year-long Master’s degree with certification. Information about that program, its requirements, and how to apply can be found here.

4. Why should I consider becoming a certified Mandarin Chinese teacher?

Mandarin Chinese is the fastest-growing World Language being offered in schools throughout the U.S., with schools hiring increasing numbers of Chinese teachers to teach students of all ages and levels. Many Americans see Mandarin Chinese as the language of the future, and are pushing for Chinese classes in their schools, with numbers expected to increase to 1 million K-12 students studying the language by 2020. Thus, there are an ever-increasing number of professional opportunities for certified Mandarin Chinese teachers throughout the country and the world. Being a Mandarin Chinese teacher can be an exciting, rewarding and lucrative career. And teaching Chinese presents an opportunity to share language and culture and make a positive impact on the lives of young people. 

5. I’ve read that candidates interested in teaching a language are required to take the OPI exam. What is the OPI and how can teacher candidates prepare for it?

The OPI, or Oral Proficiency Interview, is an approximately 30-minute, unscripted interview that all World Languages teaching candidates are required to take in order to receive their certification. As its name would suggest, the interview is designed to measure the candidate’s oral proficiency in the language that they intend to teach. In order to receive certification in Mandarin Chinese, candidates must receive a minimum score of Intermediate High. The exam is usually taken at the end of the student’s academic program and is scheduled with the help of World Languages Director, Dr. Maria Coolican.

6. What study abroad opportunities exist for students interested in increasing their proficiency in Mandarin Chinese?

Non-native or non-heritage speakers are encouraged to study abroad in order to help increase their proficiency in the language and immerse themselves in the culture. Information about opportunities to study abroad, as well as scholarship and financial aid information, can be found at U-M Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies

7. Where can interested candidates reach out if they have additional questions about becoming certified to teach Mandarin Chinese?

Interested candidates should reach out to Dr. Maria Coolican at mariajc@umich.edu